What is Major Depressive Disorder (MDD)?
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a psychiatric disorder in which the parts of the brain that regulate mood do not function well: certain parts may be underactive while others are overactive. Therefore, the balance of brain activity is thrown off.
There are several symptoms of Major Depression:
- No longer find enjoyment in usual activities.
- Difficulty falling asleep or sleeping too much.
- Appetite increase or decrease.
- Decreased libido.
- Impaired concentrations.
- Feelings of hopelessness and worthlessness.
- Suicidal thoughts or actions.
How is Major Depressive Disorder treated at Wellington Retreat?
Treatment for Major Depression is very effective, as there are many different medicines and psychotherapies available to patients. The most effective treatment is a combination of medicine and psychotherapy, as many patients treated with both have reached remission, or the absence of all symptoms. Patients will usually be placed on and antidepressant, which may take up to four weeks to feel the full effects. Therefore, they will undergo cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) at the same time. CBT helps the patient identify how their thought patterns play a role in regulating their emotions. Learning to modify their own thoughts can lead to improved negative feelings.
Although Major Depression is treatable, the risk for relapse is high. In fact, those who experience one major depressive episode automatically have a 50 percent risk of developing another episode in the future. If a person has experienced two episodes, they have a 70 percent chance of developing a third. Therefore, maintenance programs should be taken advantage of and the patient should be prepared for what to do if they find themselves relapsing.